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The Labor Availability » The Salary Levels » The Foreigners' Employment » The News Section

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Labor availability

The total number of the workforce in 2004 was 3 376 600 people, (2 969 800 employed; 406 100 unemployed) or 50.5% of the population at the age of 15 and more.

For the last four years total labor force has increased. The unemployment rate has also grown due to raised economic activity. The number of people engaged in the private sector has grown due to the restructuring of the economy. Most of the people unemployed have mainly secondary education. In June 2004, 27% of the employed people were working in manufacturing, 14% in trade and repair activities, and 9 % in education.

Labor force data
Labor force 2001 2002 2003 2004
Labor force total 3264.7 3248.6 3237.1 3376.0
Employed total 2628.2 2704.4 2825.6 2969.8
In the private sector % 60.3 62.6 65.6 68.8

In cities
In vilages

Unemployed total 636.5 544.2 411.4 406.1
In cities
In villages
With tertiary education n/a 64.7 n/a 46.3
With secondary education n/a 290.0 n/a 207.7

Salary levels

The minimum monthly salary in 2004, set by the Government is 120 BGN (EUR 61). The average monthly salary in 2004 was EUR 149. The highest monthly salaries were paid in financial service sector (EUR 324) and Energy, gas and water supply (EUR 274), while the lowest salary levels were in the sector of hotels and restaurants (EUR 95). The average salary for manufacturing was EUR 135. For the last four years the country average salary has increased by 4.3% on average, while the average rate for the manufacturing industries by 3.8%.

Entry and employment of foreign nationals

The basic legislation referring to entry and employment of foreigners in Bulgaria includes the following acts:

A visa is required for entry in Bulgaria, except otherwise provided for by international agreements Bulgaria is a party to or by the Bulgarian regulations. In the latter case visa is not needed, if the foreigner's stay does not exceed 90 (30 for some states) days within each period of six months. Bulgarian visas are issued by the Bulgarian diplomatic and consulate services abroad in the form of airport transfer visa, transit visa, short entry visa or long-term visa. Foreigners may remain in Bulgaria:

Foreigners wishing to work in Bulgaria need a work permit, issued by the Employment Agency with the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy. The work permit can be issued for a period of 1 year (with two 1-year extension option s). The work permit can be issued if:

Foreign nationals, after being registered by the employer at the Employment Agency, may perform short-term assignments without a work permit under the following circumstances:

The following categories of foreigners do not need a work permit to work in Bulgaria:

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